Bonsai (बोनसाई, 盆栽, or tray planting), is a Japanese art form using cultivation techniques to produce, in containers, small trees that mimic the shape and scale
The Japanese art of bonsai originated from the Chinese practice of penjing. From the 6th century onward, Imperial embassy personnel and Buddhist students from Japan visited and returned from mainland China.
Bonsai care and cultivation requires techniques and tools that are specialized to support the growth and long-term maintenance of trees in small containers.
Bonsai aesthetics are the aesthetic goals characterizing the Japanese tradition of growing an artistically shaped miniature tree in a container.
A variety of informal bonsai containers or bonsai pots may house the bonsai during its development, and even trees that have been formally planted in a bonsai pot may be returned to growing boxes from time to time.